Download 10 Health Questions about the Caucasus and Central Asia by E. Jakubowski, A. Arnaudova PDF

By E. Jakubowski, A. Arnaudova

This e-book highlights the necessities of wellbeing and fitness and overall healthiness platforms in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. It then compares those nationwide information with the typical facts for 3 teams: their very own, the 15 international locations that have been contributors of the european sooner than 1 may perhaps 2004 and the 27 present european Member States. every one bankruptcy presents a concise evaluate of key overall healthiness signs in 1 of the eight nations, summarizes the most important beneficial properties of the country's wellbeing and fitness process and describes the result of over a decade of wellbeing and fitness approach reform. This well known sequence bargains a short and simple method to take hold of the overall healthiness necessities in a visually beautiful structure. Comparisons are a compelling resource of knowledge that policy-makers and stakeholders, either inside nations and the world over, can use to do so opposed to wellbeing and fitness disparities and alleviate the awesome modifications in future health prestige between voters around the WHO ecu zone.

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Extra resources for 10 Health Questions about the Caucasus and Central Asia

Sample text

An estimated 69% is covered through formal and informal co-payments, voluntary contributions such as by national and international organizations and, to a very limited extent, private health insurance. Voluntary health insurance covers less than 1% of the population. The Ministry of Health administers about 25% of public funding, mainly for the payment of health service providers at the republican level, including republican hospitals and before 1 May 2004. CIS8: the 8 countries covered in this book.

HEALTH 6Ԥ+,<<Ԥ about the Caucasus and central Asia 25 THE 10 HEALTH QUESTIONS What are the demographic essentials for Azerbaijanis? 5 EU27 11 EU15 19 CIS8 AZERBAIJAN Annual growth Fertility rate rate (%) (children born per woman) Birth rate (live births per 1000 population) PROBABILITY OF DYING (per 100 000 population, 2004) 258 28 205 0–4 years old, males 113 81 56 59 7 6 AZERBAIJAN 128 120 EU27 67 60 74 62 15–60 years old, males 15–60 years old, females 6 5 EU15 0–4 years old, females CIS8 EU27: current members of the EU.

Private pharmacies and private medical practice were legalized. t 1998: Informal user charges were formalized. A state commission to advise on health reforms was established by presidential decree. t 2001–2004: A health reform project devoted to primary care was implemented in five pilot districts, funded by the World Bank. t 2003: The monthly salaries of state-funded employees in the health sector were increased by 50%. t 2006: The Ministry of Health, with support from the government and international organizations (UNICEF, the USAID, WHO and the World Bank) launched the second Health Sector Reform Project (2006–2012) under a World Bank loan agreement in 2006.

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