By C. M. Millward, Mary Hayes
The 3rd variation of A BIOGRAPHY OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE maintains to envision the constitution of English, from its Indo-European pre-history, throughout the invasions that formed outdated and heart English, via its audio system' wakeful efforts to police it within the Early glossy interval, via its present-day variations happen in city slang and text-messaging. The textbook explores 3 very important concerns: how languages and language switch are systematic; how the interior historical past of a language is profoundly laid low with its outer background of political and culural occasions; and the way the English of the earlier has in all places left its strains on present-day English. via uncovering the language's previous, you could larger use it to speak in addition to speculate approximately its destiny use in ever-changing globalized media.
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Extra resources for A Biography of the English Language - 3e
For any given speaker, a change in a pattern (rule) may be instantaneous, but for the total community of speakers it sometimes takes centuries for completion. The loss of aspiration in such words as which, whip, and white began perhaps as long as a thousand years ago and is still not complete for all dialects. In sum, for all natural languages, change is both inevitable and constant; only dead languages (languages with no native speakers) do not change. Because change is constant and has always been so, there is no such thing as a “pure” or a “decadent” language or dialect.
Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. 28 CHAPTER 2 To represent every phoneme by one and only one symbol, various phonemic alphabets have been devised. Most such alphabets use Latin symbols, supplementing them with diacritical marks or modifications where necessary and omitting Latin symbols that are totally redundant (such as x and c for English). In this book we use the American Phonetic Alphabet (APA). ) THE PHONEMES OF PRESENT-DAY AMERICAN ENGLISH In this discussion of phonemes, we are concentrating on a variety of Present-Day English known as Standard American English (SAE) or Gerneral American (GA).
Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it.