By Mary Beth Norton, Carol Sheriff, David M. Katzman, David W. Blight, Howard Chudacoff
The short variation of A humans AND A kingdom preserves the text's method of American heritage as a narrative of all American humans. identified for a few strengths, together with its well-respected writer crew and fascinating narrative, the publication emphasizes social background, giving specific recognition to race and racial id. Like its full-length counterpart, the short 8th variation specializes in tales of daily humans, cultural variety, paintings, and pop culture. a brand new layout makes for simpler analyzing and note-taking. occasions as much as and together with the election of 2008 are up to date and integrated, and new bankruptcy has been written on "The Contested West." to be had within the following break up thoughts: A humans AND A country, short 8th version entire (Chapters 1-33), ISBN: 0547175582; quantity I: To 1877 (Chapters 1-16), ISBN: 0547175590; quantity II: for the reason that 1865 (Chapters 16-33), ISBN: 0547175604.
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Extra info for A People and a Nation: A History of the United States, Volume 1: To 1877, Brief
Although West African states resisted European penetration of the interior, they let the Portuguese establish trading posts along their coasts. The African kingdoms charged the traders rent and levied duties on imports. The Portuguese gained, too, proﬁting from transporting African gold, ivory, and slaves to Europe. By bargaining with African masters to purchase slaves and carrying those bondspeople to Iberia, the Portuguese introduced black slavery to Europe. Portuguese Trading Posts in Africa In the 1480s the Portuguese colonized São Tomé, an island in the Gulf of Guinea.
The voyages of Columbus, Cabot, and others brought the Eastern and Western Hemispheres together. The Portuguese explorer Pedro Álvares Cabral reached Brazil in 1500; Cabot’s son Sebastian landed in North America in 1507; France ﬁnanced Giovanni da Verrazzano in 1524 and Jacques Cartier in 1534; and in 1609 and 1610 Henry Hudson explored the North American coast for the Dutch West India Company. All were hoping to ﬁnd the legendary, nonexistent “Northwest Passage” through the Americas, an easy route to Asia’s riches.
Wind would power their ships. But where would Atlantic breezes carry their squarerigged ships, which needed the wind directly behind the vessel? The answers would be found in the Mediterranean Sailing in the Atlantic, the expanse of the Atlantic Ocean south and west Mediterranean Atlantic of Spain and bounded by the Azores (on the west) and the Canaries (on the south), with the Madeiras in their midst. Europeans reached all three sets of islands during the fourteenth century. Sailing to the Canaries from Europe was easy because strong Northeast Trade winds blew southward along the Iberian and African coastlines.