Download Analogical Reasoning: Perspectives of Artificial by Mark Turner (auth.), David H. Helman (eds.) PDF

By Mark Turner (auth.), David H. Helman (eds.)

In the previous few years, there was an important volume of task within the examine of analogy and metaphor. this is often in part due to an curiosity of synthetic intelligence researchers in simulating studying techniques utilizing analogy. It additionally arises from severe examinations of ordinary theories within the philosophy of language, with their in-built literal/meta­ phoric contrast. This quantity involves fresh formerly unpub­ lished paintings during this region, with a specific emphasis upon the position of analogies in reasoning and, extra ordinarily, their position in suggestion and language. The papers are contributed through philosophers, desktop scientists, cognitive scientists and literary critics. Researchers in those fields whose concentration is the learn of analogy and metaphor will locate a lot of curiosity during this quantity. those essays may also function an advent to a few of the most important methods taken within the research of analogy. As famous, this quantity brings jointly the paintings of researchers in different various disciplines. some of the methods fascinated by admire to the knowledge of analogy are typically really varied, despite the fact that, the articles recommend a typical end. Analogy and metaphor pervade idea and language; their shut research hence constitutes a necessary contribution to our knowing of folks. DAVID H. HELMAN Case Western Reserve college vii half I CONCEPTUAL AND express THEORIES OF ANALOGICAL realizing MARK TURNER different types AND ANALOGIES i would like to pursue the subsequent claims: the way in which we categorize is helping clarify the way in which we realize a press release as an analogy.

Show description

Read Online or Download Analogical Reasoning: Perspectives of Artificial Intelligence, Cognitive Science, and Philosophy PDF

Similar cognitive books

Causal Learning - Psychology, Philosophy and Computation

Knowing causal constitution is a imperative activity of human cognition. Causal studying underpins the improvement of our strategies and different types, our intuitive theories, and our capacities for making plans, mind's eye and inference. over the last few years, there was an interdisciplinary revolution in our figuring out of studying and reasoning: Researchers in philosophy, psychology, and computation have stumbled on new mechanisms for studying the causal constitution of the area.

Working Memory Capacity (Essays in Cognitive Psychology)

The belief of one's reminiscence "filling up" is a funny false impression of ways reminiscence ordinarily is assumed to paintings; it's truly has no skill restrict. in spite of the fact that, the belief of a "full mind" makes extra feel with regards to operating reminiscence, that is the restricted volume of knowledge somebody can carry quickly in a particularly obtainable shape to be used within the of entirety of virtually any difficult cognitive job.

Broca's Region

Broca's sector has been within the information ever when you consider that scientists discovered that exact cognitive capabilities might be localized to components of the cerebral cortex. Its discoverer, Paul Broca, used to be one of many first researchers to argue for an instantaneous connection among a concrete behavior--in this situation, using language--and a particular cortical sector.

Attention in Cognitive Systems: 5th International Workshop on Attention in Cognitive Systems, WAPCV 2008 Fira, Santorini, Greece, May 12, 2008 Revised Selected Papers

This quantity constitutes the completely refereed post-workshop lawsuits of the fifth overseas Workshop on cognizance in Cognitive platforms, WAPCV 2008, held in Fira, Santorini, Greece in may perhaps 2008 as an linked occasion of the sixth overseas convention on machine imaginative and prescient structures (ICVS 2008). The thirteen revised complete papers awarded including with nine posters, were rigorously chosen from 34 submissions.

Additional info for Analogical Reasoning: Perspectives of Artificial Intelligence, Cognitive Science, and Philosophy

Sample text

Since metaphors occur in all languages, we need a systematic device of this kind rather than an ad hoc treatment that views metaphor as some kind of a deviation from a normative pattern. After a metaphor reaches the surface level and we have a sentence like (3) or (6) that can actually be written or uttered, we may, as Perrine (1975) points out, perform anyone of four operations for specific stylistic or literary purposes. We can (a) leave things as they are 48 P. K. SARA by retaining both Nom 1 and Nom 2, (b) delete Nom 1, (c) delete Nom 2, (d) delete both Nom 1 and Nom 2.

5 in his Intentionality (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983). 5 Searle, "Metaphor," 107-108. 6 Searle, "The background," 149. 7 Paul Ricoeur, "The metaphorical process as cognition, imagination, and feeling," Critical Inquiry 5, no. 1 (1978), 159. 8 Mark Johnson, The Body in the Mind: The Bodily Basis of Meaning, Imagination, and Reason (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987). 9 Earlier versions of the following analysis were worked out with George Lakoff. They appear in his Women, Fire, and Dangerous Things and in my The Body in the Mind.

Katz, J. and Fodor, J. A. (1963), The structure of a semantic theory', Language 39, 170-210. Katz, Jerrold J. and Postal, Paul M. (1964), An Integrated Theory of Linguistic Descriptions, Cambridge MA: MIT Press. Lakoff, George (1987), Women, Fire, and Dangerous Things: What Categories Reveal About the Mind, Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Minsky, Marvin (1975), 'A framework for representing knowledge', in The Psychology of Computer Vision, ed. P. Winston, New York: McGraw-Hill. Quillian, M.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.84 of 5 – based on 13 votes