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By Andrew Barss

Anaphora: A Reference Guide is a suite of essays that record at the significant result of contemporary learn in anaphora and set the degree for additional inquiry.

  • Reports at the significant result of contemporary learn in anaphora and units the level for additional inquiry.
  • Features contributions from one of the world's top researchers on anaphora.
  • Presents an exhilarating photo of the way large the phenomenon of anaphora is and the way it could actually exhibit many mysterious homes of language.
  • Includes articles of curiosity to many disciplines, together with philosophy of language, philosophy of brain, cognitive technology, linguistics, language reports, cognitive psychology, and psycholinguistics.

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Q] . . ] SO-type construction: [CP Hanako-ga do-no hon-o Masao-ga [CP [minna-ga Masao-NOM everyone-NOM Hanako-NOM which-GEN book-ACC tosyokan-kara karidasita to] omotteiru] ka] siritagatteiru koto library-from checked:out COMP think Q want:to:know fact “the fact that Masao wants to know [Q [everyone thinks [that Hanako checked out which book from the library]]]” Notice that this “literal reconstruction of a wh-phrase” cannot be explained by the chain-binding proposed in Barss (1986).

Tj . . ]] . . Saito (1992) seemingly assumes that the contrast between (19a) and (19b) indicates that the availability of the anaphoric relation in (18) is related to the A/A′ distinction: (19) a. [Which picture of Johni]j did hei like tj (van Riemsdijk and Williams 1981:201 (86a), cf. Lebeaux 1990:319 (2c)) b. [John’si mother]j seems to himi [tj to be smart] (Saito 1992:90 (47a)) On the basis of the observation that configuration (18) is not always clearly acceptable with the OS-type construction, Saito argues that Scrambling “cannot be analyzed simply as A movement” (1992:91).

2 Essential analysis The discussion so far leads us to the analysis summarized in (44). I will refer to (44a) as Deep OS-type and the DL therein as Deep DL; in addition, I will refer to (44b) as Surface OS-type and the DL therein as Surface DL: (44) Essential analysis: An OS-type construction involves either a Deep DL (as in (44a)) or a Surface DL (as in (44b)). a. Deep OS-type: PF: NP-ACC/DAT (= DL) . . NP-NOM . . V LF: NP-ACC/DAT (= DL) [ . . NP-NOM . . V] b. Surface OS-type: PF: NP-ACC/DAT (= DL) .

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