By Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
Illustrated with photos and maps, the Atlas of Gender and improvement supplies readers a special perception into the influence of social associations - traditions, social norms and cultural practices - on gender equality in 124 non-OECD nations. Gender inequality holds again not only ladies however the financial and social improvement of complete societies. Overcoming discrimination is necessary within the struggle opposed to poverty in constructing international locations and for the fulfillment of the Millennium improvement pursuits. Tackling those inequalities isn't effortless: in lots of nations, discrimination opposed to girls is deeply rooted in social associations reminiscent of the family members and the legislations. those long-lasting codes of behavior, norms, traditions, and casual and formal legislation ensure gender results in schooling, wellbeing and fitness, political illustration and labour markets. The Atlas of Gender and improvement is an crucial software for improvement practitioners, coverage makers, teachers and the broader public. It offers unique kingdom notes, maps and photographs describing the location of girls in 124 constructing and transition nations utilizing a brand new composite degree of gender inequality - the Social associations and Gender Index (SIGI) - constructed by way of the OECD improvement Centre.
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Extra resources for Atlas of Gender and Development: How Social Norms Affect Gender Equality in non-OECD Countries
The majority Lao-Tai group applies matrilineal inheritance principles; among the Mon Khmer, Hmong-lu Mien and Chine-Tibet groups, inheritance typically follows patrilineal principles. Both men and women have the legal right of access to property other than land. Property in the form of the family home generally follows the same inheritance patterns as land. Similarly, men and women have equal access to bank loans. However, many women depend on their husbands to manage these affairs, or turn instead to more informal credit schemes.
Spousal rape is recognised as a crime. In general, the government supports the principle of “zero tolerance of domestic violence”, but it has been criticised for failing to adequately address the problem. As reported by the US Department of State, a 2005 University of Hong Kong survey found that one in five families have experienced some form of domestic violence. Women’s advocates are proposing that the Domestic Violence Ordinance be strengthened in three areas: by expanding the scope of coverage to include ex-spouses and ex-cohabiters; by including psychological harm as a valid criterion for attaching power of arrest to an injunction; and by lengthening the duration of injunction orders.
00 70 0 50 100 % price” reinforces the view that women are “property”, and therefore is a major contributor to domestic abuse. Rape is punishable with imprisonment but the US Department of State reports that the crime is difficult to combat because some communities prefer to settle incidents of rape through material compensation rather than criminal prosecution. Female genital mutilation is not a general practice in Papua New Guinea. However, evidence seems to suggest that the country is of major concern in relation to missing women.